Present Perfect Tense

The present perfect tense refers to an action or state that either occurred at an indefinite time in the past (e.g., we have talked before) or began in the past and continued to the present time (e.g., he has grown impatient over the last hour). This tense is formed by have/has + the past participle.

The construction of this verb tense is straightforward. The first element is have or has, depending on the subject the verb is conjugated with. The second element is the past participle of the verb, which is usually formed by adding -ed or -d to the verb’s root (e.g., walked, cleaned, typed, perambulated, jumped, laughed, sautéed) although English does have quite a few verbs that have irregular past participles (e.g., done, said, gone, known, won, thought, felt, eaten).

 

Present Future Tense – Positive Sentences

 

Structure:

Who Form of verb
I have + verb 3
He/She/It has + verb 3
You have + verb 3
We have + verb 3
They have + verb 3

Positive Sentences Examples:

  • I have studied English.
  • He has studied English.
  • She has studied English.
  • It has studied English.
  • You have studied English.
  • We have studied English.
  • They have studied English.

Present Future Tense – Negative Sentences

 

Structure:

Who Form of verb
I
have + not + verb 3
or
haven’t + verb 3
He/She/It
has + not + verb 3
or
hasn’t + verb 3
You
have + not + verb 3
or
haven’t + verb 3
We
have + not + verb 3
or
haven’t + verb 3
They
have + not + verb 3
or
haven’t + verb 3

Negative Sentences Examples:

  • I have not studied English.
  • I haven’t studied English.
  • He has not studied English.
  • He hasn’t studied English.
  • She has not studied English.
    She hasn’t studied English.
  • It has not studied English.
  • It hasn’t studied English.
  • You have not studied English.
  • You haven’t studied English.
  • We have not studied English.
  • We haven’t studied English.
  • They have not studied English.
  • They haven’t studied English.

Present Future Tense – Question Sentences

 

Structure:

Who Form of verb
Have I verb 3
Has He/She/It
Have You
Have We
Have They

Question Sentences Examples:

  • Have I studied English?
  • Has he studied English?
  • Has she studied English?
  • Has it studied English?
  • Have you studied English?
  • Have we studied English?
  • Have they studied English?